A practiced editor gives advice to obtain your projects posted within an journal that is international
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 June 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing their experience and will not represent Elsevier’s policy. But, in reaction to your feedback, we worked with him to update this post so that it reflects our methods. Including, as it ended up being posted, we’ve worked extensively with scientists to increase exposure of non-English language research. – July 10, 2019
Enhance: as a result to your feedback, we’ve reinstated the first text in order to observe how it absolutely was revised. – July 11, 2019
Simple tips to make a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this month-to-month show, Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their considerable history as a writer, reviewer and editor to offer suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the evaluation procedure (reviewer’s view) and exactly exactly what there is certainly to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article is the second when you look at the show. The article that is first: «Six things you can do before composing your manuscript.»divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, research center when you look at the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head for the Department of Oceanography and Head associated with the Marine Management region. Their primary subject of research is marine ecology, and contains posted significantly more than 270 efforts, from which 150 have been in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through his long job of 32 several years of research. During this period he has got examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having an sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Find out more about his work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
You checklist when you organize your manuscript, the first thing to consider is that the order of sections will be very different than the order of items on.
Articles starts aided by the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.
The content text follows the IMRAD format, which responds into the concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you are doing it?
- Techniques: exactly exactly How did you will do it?
- Outcomes: just exactly What do you find?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The main text is followed closely by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
Although this could be the posted framework, nonetheless, we frequently make use of a various order whenever writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the numbers and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcomes.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the outcomes and Discussion before composing the introduction. The reason being, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how will you objectively indicate the medical importance of your work with the introduction?
- Write a clear summary.
- Compose an introduction that is compelling.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a concise and descriptive Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Jot down the Recommendations.
Then, I’ll review each step of the process in more information. But you should do that will set the groundwork for the entire process before you set out to write a paper, there are two important things.
- This issue become examined ought to be the very first problem to be resolved. Determine your theory and goals (These will go into the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works pertaining to the subject and select some documents (about 30) that may be cited in your paper (These is going to be placed in the recommendations.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design recommendations and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Keep in mind that «a figure is really worth a thousand terms.» Thus, pictures, including numbers and tables, will be the many efficient solution to provide your outcomes. Important computer data would be the driving force associated with paper, so that your pictures are critical!
How can you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables supply the real experimental outcomes, while figures tend to be employed for evaluations of experimental outcomes with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your decision is, no pictures should replicate the given information described somewhere else into the manuscript.
Another important aspect: figure and dining table legends must certanly be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! To the end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using three to four information sets per figure; usage scales that are well-selected.
- Think about appropriate axis label size
- Add symbols that are clear information sets which are an easy task to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). You can them as supplementary product.
If you work with photographs, each should have a scale marker, or scale club, of expert quality in a single part.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only if necessary whenever publishing up to a printing book. If different line designs can simplify this is, avoid using colors or other effects that are thrilling you’ll be charged with expensive costs. Needless to say, this doesn’t use to online journals. For a lot of how to pay for college essay journals, it is possible to submit duplicate figures: one in color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another problem that is common the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just can be utilized whenever time that is presenting or consecutive examples information ( e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). But, if you have no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you need to utilize histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too tiny for the log. You have to just take this under consideration, or they might be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you have to focus on the usage of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Action 2: Compose the techniques
This section reacts towards the relevant concern of the way the issue ended up being examined. When your paper is proposing a brand new technique, you ought to add detailed information so an educated audience can replicate the test.
But, usually do not repeat the information of founded techniques; use References and Supporting Materials to suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or key recommendations are adequate.